Startups have a certain mystique. Whether you love or hate the idea of startup life — the long hours, the foosball tables, the high-pressure hacking — it’s tough to understand startup culture until you’re working inside it.
Many startup stereotypes floating around simply aren’t true, or aren’t true for the majority of startups. Since misperceptions can lead a job-market newbie astray, let’s take a closer look at these myths.
1. You must be a technical genius
Being tech-savvy is an important part of fitting into startup culture. But you don’t have to be a rock star super coder to succeed. Some of the most important startup roles — marketing, management, sales — don’t depend on a technical core.
But learning at least some basic technical skills will put you in a stronger position. Take an intro computer science course or HTML/CSS coding class from a place like Udacity, Treehouse orCodecademy.
2. You have to work 80 hours a week, never sleep and stress constantly
Some startups will demand your life, body and soul. These are the companies that live off the crazy geek machismo that says if you’re not sleeping under your desk, you’re not working hard enough. And for some people, this is bliss. But a lot of startups aren’t like that.
You do work hard. You may put in unusual hours (lovers of 9-to-5 need not apply). You may burn the midnight oil from time to time. But you aren’t expected to give 110 percent 24/7 — unless you’re planning on burning out within the year. Some startups have better work-life balance than their traditional counterparts. Take Treehouse, an ed tech company that prides itself on a four-day work week, for example.
3. Startup life is glamorous
With the endless ramen-to-millionaire success stories pouring out of Silicon Valley, it’s no surprise many people think startups are a glamorous business. Yes, you’re more likely to find a ping pong table, free lunches and cutting-edge gadgets at a startup.
But when you get down to it, startups are basically small businesses. Isn’t it funny how “small business owner” sounds less cool than “startup CEO,” even though they’re essentially the same?
“I often get asked, ‘Who’s the most famous person you’ve met?’ or, ‘What’s the biggest party you’ve gone to?’ But running a startup isn’t about meeting people or going to parties. It’s about selling a product or service to a customer. And that’s hard work,” says Wade Foster, CEO of the task automation startup Zapier.
4. Startup jobs are totally chaotic and unstructured
This myth really depends on the size of your startup, which can range from one guy in a garage to hundreds of employees in giant (and oh-so-cool) office space. In a 50-person team, everyone has structured and specialized areas. In a five-person team, little of your work will remain constant from day to day.
But that doesn’t mean your job will be complete chaos — it just means you have more responsibility to craft your own career growth. And this can be a big advantage, especially if you’re new to the workforce.
5. You have to live in Silicon Valley to work at a startup
Startups aren’t just for Silicon Valley hipsters. Seattle, New York City, Boulder, Cambridge and Washington, D.C. are among Entrepreneur’s top 10 cities for tech startups.
In fact, high-tech startups are in every single state. You’re more likely to find startup gigs in metropolitan areas, but even smaller towns like Bend, Ore., have opportunities.
6. Startup jobs are risky
Technically, this myth is true; by nature, startups are risky — about 75 percent of them fail. Even if your startup doesn’t flop, the constant pivots typical in startups often require big changes to your team.
But while startups won’t give you job security, they can provide career security. They set you up to be versatile, flexible and ready for whatever comes next.
“Forget job security and invest in developing career security. Do this by solving hard problems on the bleeding edge. Develop relationships with people you can learn from who themselves have large and active networks of relationships. No better place to do this than at good startups. After a few years, you’ll be able to work wherever you want and will have higher compensation than you imagined you could because the pace of career progress is much faster at startups,” says serial entrepreneur Simeon Simeonov.